Lower xerophylic zone
The typical climate of the lowland areas of Tenerife is characterised by long periods of high solar radiation, low rainfall and moderate levels of humidity in the air. In these conditions, and in generally poor soils, one finds a floral community in which the Canary Island spurge (Euphorbia canariense) and other spurge species are the leading players.
There are other endemic species to be found along with the spurges, some of which are really magnificent, such as the house leaks (Aeonium). One particularly interesting endemic species of this family is the brown-flowered wax plant (Ceropegia fusca).
This ecosystem is relatively poor in vertebrate animals, although there are several species of reptiles and birds. Insects are widely represented, with endemic species frequently found in association with the spurges and wax plants.